- Overlapping knowledge from different fields, removing borders among subjects
- Applying different ways of teaching: group and individual work, projects
- Overlapping theoretical knowledge with reality – practical verification
- Moving part of the education process away from the class into nature
- Use of modern technology – computers, internet, television.
The Traditional form of teaching:
when the pupils are learning new topics according to a template (teacher is talking and pupil is listening). It’s common that passively listening pupils
will not understand the topic. Learning without understanding is only superficial, and that’s why pupils forget very fast. Some teachers leave out the
explanations because they wrongly think that everything is clear. Most teachers spend more than 60% of the lesson speaking, so if the teaching
process went in this direction, it would be enough to have books, and teachers would be unnecessary.
In the traditional way of teaching, which is focused on the teacher, the new principles, methods and statements are explained to pupils, and
it is expected that they will remember and use this new knowledge.
I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, I act and I understand Old Chinese proverb
Even the ancient Chinese knew that information only heard usually does not last very long.
What we think about, together with information seen with our eyes and heard with our ears is stored in our short-term memory.
This short term memory would hold and process this information for several seconds, but then most information is lost.
To swap the content of short-term memory to long-term memory, the content of short-term memory must be processed and structured in this
memory first so it makes sense to the pupil, and then it is transferred to the long-term memory. The pupil must understand the information. In
teaching, visual information is much more effective than verbal information. Research proves that information entering into our brain is 87% by
sight, 9% by hearing, 4% other senses. It is said that a picture is worth a thousand words.
If a picture is worth a thousand words, how much is a model worth. Models and real subjects are brining reality into the teaching process.
Visual demonstration has a very big influence and is easily memorized.
The most effective method of memorization is when the pupil is actively involved in the teaching process by more than just questions,
but is individual searching for answers by means of practical exercises and experiments. They are coming from known information and based
on this they have the goal to confirm the as yet unknown facts. The pupils are actively participating in acquiring new experiences. They are
coming from the real facts, which are close to pupils, and these facts should challenge to search for new knowledge, experimentation and
verification. Observation of experiments will force pupils to concentrate on what is happening in form of them. Mostly, if the teacher will call
attention beforehand to what they have been observing, then the students will observe more.
At the end of the experiment pupils analyze and select relevant information. They are forming their own conclusions.
In the next phase of the teaching process, it is necessary to generalize. The teacher will explain the new topic using the practically gained experience.
The practical use of gained knowledge should be the end result of the teaching process. The assigned project, or individual work sets a concrete task
for the pupil. During task solving, the pupil must use the knowledge gained in different subjects. By this overlapping of subjects the pupil gains the image of
continuity of connection of individual experience. Seemingly isolated knowledge is actually creating a mosaic of knowledge, which can be applied into
solving real problems.
Projects and individual work are gaining in popularity. The teachers are evaluating this way of teaching very positively from the enlargement of a knowledge
point of view. It is a very natural way of discovery, which respects the personality of the pupil including his/her interests and abilities.
The whole process of education could be formed in a simple model: experiment / theory / reality.